Construction and mining gear cover a variety of machinery such as hydraulic excavators, wheel loaders, backhoe loaders, bull dozers, dump trucks, tippers, graders, pavers, asphalt drum / wet mix plants, breakers, vibratory compactors, cranes, fork lifts, dozers, off-highway dumpers (20T to 170T), drills, scrapers, motor graders, rope shovels and so on. They carry out a assortment of functions like preparation of ground, excavation, haulage of material, dumping/laying in specified manner, material handling, road construction and so on. These gear are essential for each construction and mining activity.
With a wide production capacity base, India is maybe the only building nation, which is totally self-reliant in such very sophisticated gear.
India has only a couple of, mostly medium and big organizations in the organized sector who manufacture these. The technologies barriers are high, specially with respect to mining equipment and as a result the function of SME’s is restricted to manufacture of components and some sub-assemblies.
Prior to the 1960s, domestic requirements of mining and building equipment were completely met by imports.
Domestic production began in 1964 with the setting up of Bharat Earthmovers Ltd. (BEML), a public sector unit of the Ministry of Defence, at Kolar in South India to manufacture dozers, dumpers, graders, scrapers, etc. for defence requirements under licence from LeTorneau Westinghouse, USA and Komatsu, Japan. In the private sector, the Hindustan Motors’ Earthmoving Equipment Division, was established in 1969 at Tiruvallur, close to Chennai with technical collaboration from Terex, UK for manufacture of wheel loaders, dozers & dumpers. This factory has given that been taken more than by Caterpillar for their Indian operations. The machines manufactured by Caterpillar in the Tiruvallur factory are marketed by TIL and GMMCO.
In 1974, L&T started manufacturing hydraulic excavators under license from Poclain, France. In 1980 and 1981, two a lot more units, Telcon and Escorts JCB commenced manufacture of hydraulic excavators (under license from Hitachi, Japan) and backhoe loaders (under license from JCB, UK) respectively. Escorts JCB has been taken over by JC Bamford Excavators Ltd. U.K. in 2003 and is now called JCB India Ltd. In 1970s Escorts Restricted began manufacturing Cranes in collaboration with Faun AG and Rapier & Ransome. (Pulverizer for sale in India)
Volvo and Terex Vectra are the most current entrants in the Indian marketplace. Volvo has set up their manufacturing unit in Bangalore.
At present they are only manufacturing tippers and the other equipment are imported from their parent organization and marketed in India.
Terex Corporation USA and Vectra Ltd. U.K. have formed a joint venture, which has started manufacturing building equipment like backhoe loaders and skid steer loaders from May ’04 at Greater Noida with an investment of USD 12 million. Other gear in the Terex variety are becoming sold by way of their agents in India.
Most of the technologies leaders like Case, Caterpillar, Hitachi, Ingersoll-Rand, JCB, John Deere, Joy Mining Machinery, Komatsu, Lieberr, Poclain, Terex, Volvo are present in India as joint venture firms, or have set up their personal manufacturing facilities, or marketing businesses.
The industry has produced substantial investments in the current previous for setting up manufacturing bases, despite modest volumes and uneconomic scales of production compared to international standards.