Somalia is situated on the Horn of Africa, and is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the north west and Kenya on its south west. This is a country with a troubled previous and the present and future does not appear vibrant either. Civil war, military coups, border disputes and warlords are the common course of events here. The removal of the Islamic Courts from power has developed a power vacuum and the circumstance in Somalia is extremely unstable at the moment
The country has been with out an powerful central government given that President Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991. In the main part of the country, a Transitional National Government was elected in July 2000 by representatives of the countrys major clans, political and religious movements. The government is led by Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed and Ali Mohamed Ghedi, who hold the titles of President and Prime Minister respectively. It has UN recognition but, if the 2004 accord holds, will be replaced under a new constitution
Somalia is most emphatically not a tourist destination and not protected for independent travel or sightseeing. Most foreign governments advise against non essential travel. Those visiting for business, analysis, or international help purposes ought to seek advice from with their organization and seek professional guidance before planning a trip.
The easy reality of the matter is that tourism to Somalia is not an choice. This is not a nation in which tourism can be carried out with military escorts or carrying guns. This is a nation to which vacationers must not believe about going. The only exception would be the Somaliland region, where travel is attainable, though going there nonetheless belongs in the negative concepts box.
Subsistence agriculture and livestock rearing occupy most of the working population, even though development is hampered by primitive methods, poor soil and climatic circumstances, and a chronic labour shortage. Bananas are the principal cash crop and offer nearly half the countrys export earnings, cotton, maize, sorghum and other crops are developed for domestic consumption. Animal goods, specifically hides and skins, are an additional essential source of revenue, primarily from Saudi Arabia.
Fishing has dwindled to the level of person small boats, but there are provisional plans to restore this to full industrial capacity. Oil and gas deposits have been positioned but their exploitation has been in abeyance due to the lack of an effective central government. There is tiny market other than modest scale operations to meet domestic requirements, primarily meals processing and oil refining.
Most economic assets stay in the unstable hands of clan based militias, with frequent competition for handle of specific industries.